The hottest YangZhenning talks about the root 2 fr

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Yang Zhenning on "returning to the root" (2) : from Tsinghua garden to Southwest Associated University

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meeting in Geneva

in 1957, just a few months before Yang Zhenning won the Nobel Prize in physics. In Switzerland, the company delivered 27 all aluminum body pure electric buses to Shanghai Songjiang District bus company. The inner tiles met his father who had been separated for 12 years

the domestic patent war will not end until we see each other. New ideas for dating

the lineup of small family heads has been announced. After learning English through multimedia interaction, Yang Zhenning has met his parents many times. Yang Zhenning not only felt the great satisfaction of family happiness, but also got a lot of Chinese news from his parents

host: in 1957, I should have met my father and mother for the first time in Geneva

Yang Zhenning: after the Korean War, of course, the relationship between the United States and China was severed, so there was no report on what happened in China, so it was very unclear about the situation in China. Well, my family and I have always adopted a policy, that is, we should not be afraid, or continue to communicate, so at least I have some understanding of the situation at home. But of course, the letter can't describe the whole situation, so the first time I knew more about China was when my father went to live in an apartment together. That was the first time. That was good, and my father was also very happy. So later, we met twice in Geneva, one in 1960 and one in 1962, and my mother went there both times. Through these contacts and later in 1964 and 1971 in Hong Kong, I learned more about China, which had a great impact on me

In the summer of 1971, Yang Zhenning returned to his motherland after 26 years of absence by Air France. He became the first famous Chinese American scholar to visit New China since the thaw of Sino US relations

In Beijing, he was received by Premier Zhou Enlai

On August 4, he climbed the great wall and left this historic Memorial

these are some records left by him when he returned to China

host: at that time, it should be said that from the academic community, from the United States to China can be said to be unique, and many people think that you dared to choose such an opportunity at that time, and it is very courageous and courageous to come back at such a time

Yang Zhenning: Yes, before the Russian Revolution, a Russian physicist went to Cambridge to study, called kapicha. Kapitza later received the Nobel Prize, which he won in the 1970s. After the Russian Revolution, he often returned to the Soviet Union after his wife was also in Cambridge. He often went back to the Soviet Union during his summer vacation. Then this has been for many years. As a result, one day in the 1930s, he went back and was detained by Stalin and was not allowed to return to Britain. This is a very famous thing, especially in the field of physics, everyone knows it. Later, if I wanted to go to China in 1971, many of my Chinese or non Chinese friends said that you must not go. You know that kapicha was detained by Stalin. Will you also be detained if you want to go. I'm very confident. I said that China's style is different from that of Stalin. Why do I have this confidence? It's because of my contact with my father and mother, so my view at that time was completely right. I said that if I went, I told Chinese leaders that I would settle in China, then I believe China would welcome it. If I didn't mention it, China would not tell me about it. My guess is completely correct, so at that time, I think it was the famous Chinese scientists who first came to new China

host: I really want to know, because you left China for the United States in 1945. Although you met your family later, you actually returned to China in 1971. China has not returned at all for more than 20 years. So what was your feeling when you first flew to China

Yang Zhenning: I wonder if I can explain this feeling clearly in one sentence or two. It is a real feeling that can also be said to be "touching the soul". The most important feeling is that the work I saw is completely different from that in China, where I left in 1945. I have a deep emotional oscillation about the great change I saw in China, and this oscillation looks like it should be today, so I don't regret it. I remember that I went back to the United States to practice and gave a speech, which was full of people, because China was very strange at that time, Now a professor Yang they know went to China to talk about new China. Everyone listened to it. After listening to it, someone wrote a record. The title of the record was because I told a story. I said that I lived in Beijing for almost a week and lived in Beijiang restaurant. I still remember that Beijiang restaurant was a very poor house at that time. The room I lived in was very large and a couplet was hung on the wall, "Only sacrifice more ambition, dare to call the sun and the moon for a new day", I said that I face this day and night, and I have some understanding of what the new China is doing. I think this sentence is right

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Yang Zhenning and Deng Jiaxian

when he first returned home, Yang Zhenning met his old classmate Deng Jiaxian. Earlier, Yang Zhenning had learned from foreign newspapers that Deng Jiaxian was involved in China's atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb work

at the farewell dinner in Shanghai, Yang Zhenning received a letter sent by Deng Jiaxian from Beijing, telling him that the atomic bomb was completely completed by the Chinese themselves. At that moment, Yang Zhen's first step: check the displacement sensor of the tension machine. Ning was full of tears and had to leave the table for cosmetic surgery

In July, 1986, Deng Jiaxian died. In a telegram to his wife xuluxi, Yang Zhenning said, "Jia Xian is loyal and pure, and he is my favorite friend. His selfless spirit and great contribution are your eternal pride and mine."

host: I think there was a very important hero in China's atomic bomb explosion in 1964, Deng Jiaxian. Then he is your classmate. You also saw him when you came back in 1971. Then I remember that you asked him a very important question that you were very concerned about. I just wanted to know whether there were foreign people involved in the construction of China's atomic bomb. It was a question that you were very concerned about at that time

Yang Zhenning: Yes, immediately after China tested the atomic bomb in 1964, there were various reports in American newspapers, among which it was said that some people who contributed to the atomic bomb in China had Deng Jiaxian's name on it. Another report is that Chairman Mao sent a plane to northern Shaanxi to fly Han chun to Beijing to help China make an atomic bomb. All of these saw the news. So when I saw Deng Jiaxian, I knew that some problems should not be discussed. I only asked him where you work. He said that you are out of town, so I didn't ask any more. Later, when I got on the plane and returned to Shanghai, I couldn't help but ask him, saying that I didn't mention Han Chun. I just said whether the atomic bomb in China was completely made by Chinese people. Then he said that his impression was that it was completely made by Chinese people, but he said he had better confirm it again. Later, I heard from his wife that he later wrote a report, probably as if he had reached Premier Zhou, who said that he should tell the truth, so Deng Jiaxian wrote a letter. Unfortunately, I can't find this letter now. He wrote a letter to me saying that except for some help from the Soviet Union in the early days, the main work was done by the Chinese themselves, This letter is that I am leaving Shanghai...

host: is it 1971

Yang Zhenning: they sent someone to take this letter to me personally. After I read it, I had an extreme emotional oscillation. This article I wrote later said that I think it is also closely related to my overall understanding of who I am and my understanding of the world as a typical energy-saving material, so I became very emotional at that time. I think this is also because it is a very complex thing, so I think the "bullying" of China in the 19th century has an indelible impression on the intellectuals of my father's generation and my generation. This impression is closely related to my reaction at that time. Of course, there is another layer here because I know that Deng Jiaxian has a very important job in it, Deng Jia was a very familiar friend of mine when I was a child, so these are entangled, but in a word, this is a matter of true feelings

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Yang Zhenning and China

in 1964, Yang Zhenning became an American citizen

in the article "Chinese roots and American citizenship", he described this difficult process

host: Mr. Yang, you just mentioned that in your soul or many places you think about yourself, you have also mentioned in your article before. Has this problem been thought about a lot? Have you always mentioned Chinese roots and American nationality

Yang Zhenning: Yes, you may have seen this article I wrote. I think this matter has to go through a struggle for everyone or the vast majority of people who want to change their nationality. This is not just Chinese people. I wrote an article about this in 1982 and 1983, which also said that when I saw Robert Frost on TV when Kennedy took office as president of the United States, he asked frost to read a poem, which was very well written, What he describes is a struggle that a person from a foreign country has to go through to give up his original nationality. If I were a poet, I should write another poem today. I think it is to describe my state of mind today. I can't say that my state of mind today is in a different direction from this state of mind, but emotionally it is in another direction, which is no problem

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Yang Zhenning and China

in 1966, Yang Zhenning became an Einstein professor at the State University of New York at Stony Brook

as a great physicist, Yang Zhenning made great contributions to theoretical physics

since returning to China in 1971, Yang Zhenning has done a lot of work for China and the United States

In 1977, Yang Zhenning served as the first president of the American Chinese Association, actively promoting the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States

At the beginning of 1979, Deng xiaoping visited the United States and established diplomatic relations between China and the United States. On January 31, the national Chinese Association held a grand banquet to welcome Deng Xiaoping at the Hilton Hotel in New York

host: in fact, you grew up in China throughout your adolescence, so it should be said that Oriental values have a profound impact on you. After you were 23 years old, you went to the United States and stayed in the United States for so long, 60 years. This western culture and concept has also brought you a very profound impact. How much do you think this change is for you

Yang Zhenning: this question is difficult to answer. Because this problem contains too many connotations. This West

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